orange peel paint on new car

Completely normal.. The automaker’s process traditionally contains 5 stages: Cleansing, E-Coat, Primer, Base coat, and Clear coat, plus one or two baking stages and an inspection stage at the end. Reason 1: Your spray gun settings may be wrong. Some finishes won’t reveal any orange peel unless you are at just the right angle. Swimming through the forums will reveal just how often people complain about the paint on their Bimmers. The combination of both will yield a brilliant surface with high DOI (Distinctness of Image, aka “image clarity”). Here is an “externally charged” version of the sprayer. The short answer - Don't do it. Years of real-world practice and application gave him the experience to identify inaccuracies and myths that are widely accepted when authenticating a vehicle’s paint job. BMW uses Enviracryl by PPG which, combined with PPG’s latest process that combines layers, results in a finish measuring 120 microns thick, according to BMW. While it is a known fact that higher paint thickness reduces the chance of orange peel, the idea of orange peel resulting from thin paint isn’t always true (depending on how thin). That’s right – this bad boy spins up to 70,000 rpm to produce charged droplets that attract themselves to the subject vehicle in the booth. (To clarify, BYK isn’t implying that sheet metal roughness is the main cause of orange peel – they are implying that uneven sheet metal roughness (when it happens) causes the most noticeable orange peel in the automated process. Black paint reveals more orange peel to the human eye than any other color. Every vehicle I have owned with the factory paint job on it still had somewhat of an orange peel finish. Since the car acts as a magnet for the electromagnetic paint, the small amount of over spray that occurs (think 10% or less of the paint coming out of the gun) is kept at close proximity to the car. The second step is to be extremely careful while applying coats of paint. However, a close up reveals the orange peel…. If wetsanding will fix the orange peel on the paint then that's good. I have a black car so the paint doesn't, for some reason, appear to have much of an orange peel look to it. The entire pre-treatment process can take 8-12 stages. From there, sanding may take place to remove imperfections, but this is increasingly rare as modern paint shops are producing fewer defects. The cars are painted by machine and they arent too concerned with how flat the clear is. While clear coat is harder and stronger than ever, the orange peel is thinner than ever – the multiple layers of orange peel run only 10 to 12 microns deep into the clearcoat (this is how much a wet-sand detail would have to remove to eliminate all orange peel, on average). Not only is this is the bonding layer for the following coats, but the primer layer is also responsible for rock chip protection. In general, today’s vehicles are painted using a spray gun. There are people who I meet regularly who don’t notice orange peel and have no idea what I am talking about. The True Value of Original Paint Orange peel will appear differently depending on distance, color, type of finish, sunlight, viewing angle, and the shape and location of the body panel on the car: Many complaints have been made to every single manufacturer regarding orange peel, so why has nothing been done about it? Typically, when the orange peel is gone, the paint will look a little less glossy, reflect less light, and the area will be a little paler than the rest of your vehicle. Rare 1950’s footage of a Porsche 356 “body in white” getting pulled into the primer booth. The reason? To start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit from the selection below. The paint on this Jaguar XJ8 has just finished off-gassing from a previous repair. Try using more reducer and maybe a slower reducer. A 599 receiving a powder coat. This can be a tricky subject because there can be many causes for orange peel in your paint job. If I was ordering a new car, I would want a written guarantee the paintwork was orange peel free. If it's really bad then you can gripe to the dealer see if they will do/try anything for you. What A Paint Thickness Gauge Really Tells You Let’s go behind the scenes and examine the established modern paint process, using screenshots from Megafactories (National Geographic), How It’s Made: Dream Cars (Science Channel), and Made By Hand documentaries. Last updated: July 16, 2020. Not because it´s a "shitty" paint application. The top coating manufacturers in the world (BASF, Axalta, PPG, as well as paint evaluation tool suppliers like BYK) spend hundreds of thousands of dollars conducting tests, case studies, and other forms of research. Sanding can be done by hand using 1500, 2000 or 2500 grit finishing paper and sanding with a palm sander can be done with Finishing Film or 3M™ Trizact. So, Orange peel paint, My S3 has a fair bit of Orange peel on the side panels, my old GTD had even more, my mate brought his brand new M135i over yesterday to show it off, and the paint was all orange peel. Re: Dealing with New Car Orange Peel going back to the dealer is a complete waste of time, as every factory car has orange peel. You assumed all along that factory paint shops are negligent and that orange peel is a result of their “improper” or “rushed” application process. However, top auto painters know how to prevent it, minimize it, and most importantly, fix it when it occurs. Head on over to Corvetteforum and see all the complaints about orange peel. It’s here you’ll realize that there isn’t one particular stage where orange peel occurs – there are multiple occurrences throughout the bodywork and paint process that lead to orange peel in the final paint finish. This orange peel was non-existent the day it was picked up from the body shop. All new mass produced cars have Orange Peel to some degree, some worse than others. Last updated: July 6, 2020. Since the manual labor of sanding is incredibly expensive, only the most exquisite vehicles partake in this stage. The key is to reduce the amount of paint while you increase air into the paint which will in turn create smaller particles and help stop orange peel. He says factory paint is designed to be that way to hide imperfections. Don’t bother trying to feel for it – the amplitude of the waves in the paint is typically in the range of 1 micron (µm). The surface and body panel must be wet at all times or you run the r… There are two types of orange peel – short wave and long wave – and each appear differently to the human eye. Water plays the role of a solvent, and therefore needs to be fully evaporated for the paint to cure. Even great auto painting professionals may finish a paint job with the orange peel effect from time to time. Gaps are checked with lasers, and all panels are aligned prior to the paint process. After much delay, Honda say the finish is typical of what their factory turns out. Some seem to be worse than other and some are extremely light. Copyright 2019 New Old Cars LLC | All Rights Reserved -, PAINT DEFECTS: WHY YOUR NEW CAR PAINT LOOKS LIKE AN ORANGE PEEL. Orange Peel I opened the garage bay door as it puts a strip of sunlight shining through the garage onto the large flat panel on the side and highlights the orange peel texture common to new/custom paint jobs. The mechanical amplitude of an automotive coating is typically in the range of 1 µm. Why so hot? BMW’s clear coat is exclusively powder coated onto the car, making it one of the hardest, toughest clear coats in the industry (it also makes the finish highly prone to orange peel). Italian Racing Red F-type – one of the many special paint colors offered by Jaguar. Air within the gun propels the pigmentation to the car’s surface, where it attaches and spreads out into a thin, even layer. The squeaking weatherstrip is an easy one--just spray some silicone spray lubricant on it, and you … The Auto Painting Orange Peel Effect Explained. According to Dave Walton, a Paint Director for Bentley, “There’s the fact that no two expert sprayers would apply that [coat] in exactly the same way“. A quick flash (1-8 minutes) allows solvent to evaporate, but does not allow cross-linking (curing) to fully complete. This particular photo was taken by a BMW F10 forum member upon delivery. Here is where freshly painted Range Rovers are examined. yes the paintwork will look amazing but it makes it a lot more difficult to maintain orange peel to a certain degree helps to mask/hide minor imperfections. Sanding and polishing are required to remove it. Head on over to Corvetteforum and see all the complaints about orange peel. Disclosure: This is a very in-depth article, so get comfortable. If you’re considering enrolling in an automotive painting program, read on to learn more about the orange peel effect. I've been painting for over 20 years and only occasionally do I get perfect finish. Say hello to the BYK Wave-Scan. When the car is painted at the manufacturer or paint shop, they often times will not sand the clear coat to give it a “flat” surface look. Restrict yourself to an area of about 12 by 12 inches to start with. Even if the manual labor were somehow automated, removing clearcoat diminishes the longevity of the finish. Why does paint do this? Orange peel in car paint is very annoying to say the least, preventing the true flat shine your paint has to offer, and is a very common situation with many new paint jobs. I have a '16 Corvette and its true, terrible orange peel, supposedly from the composite panel prep.. My '15 Silverado paint has some orange peel, havent seen a any new car without it to some degree. There are usually two different paths the shells can follow: one path leads to the “standard” color paint booth, while the other path will lead to a “special color” station – this is where the expensive paint options are applied (pearlescent, tri-coats, etc). I have a '16 Corvette and its true, terrible orange peel, supposedly from the composite panel prep.. My '15 Silverado paint has some orange peel, havent seen a any new car without it to some degree. According to Automotive Paint and Coatings 2nd Edition, silver paint masks orange peel better than any other color, due to its phenomenal hiding power. Despite what you may have heard, there’s nothing wrong with orange peel finishes and you should only remove the orange peel if you really don’t like the way it looks. I just purchased a new Durango about a month ago. Start with a compounding polish to see if you can remove or minimize the effect. Author: Andre Clemente, Founder of New Old Cars, LLC © This includes providing them with a complete understanding of how to rate and control orange peel. In the end, the shell will have a reactive surface. But the truck has nicer paint then the Vette. To super carefully wetsand every car would require a ton of hours as well as more layers of paint. Data from DuPont (now Axalta) on waterborne clear coats. BYK-Gardner conducted a series of tests which “concluded that changes in short-term waviness – the condition that causes the most noticeable orange peel – are caused by sheet metal roughness.”, In other words, the steel panels (“substrate”) have an uneven roughness that can telegraph through the clear coat. Crucially, equipment is also used to measure orange peel, as only a certain amount is allowed depending on the car. Wet sanding is the best way to remove orange peel, but it takes a pretty darn high skill set to do it, and you then have to have the appropriate tools (buffer, pads, compounds) to remove the sanding marks. Anything less, and durability will be compromised. Paint is one of the most misunderstood automotive topics out there, and not just to the average consumer – we’ve run into professionals who had a hard time explaining it. New Mustangs, F-150 pickups, Lincolns, and Fusions have orange peel, same as almost every new car, including the exotics. These two automakers arguably produce some of the finest paint finishes in the world. The manual labor to remove orange peel is incredibly expensive, so only the most high end manufacturers produce vehicles with an orange peel-free finish. The term “body in white” is a throwback to the old days, as this was the stage where bare shells were coated in white primer. It is also MUCH easier to correct small scratches in light orange peel paint than it is on mirror finishes since you don't need to remove as much clear to get rid of the scratches. It's particularly a problem when you are spraying fast-drying finishes, such as lacquer or acrylic enamel. Orange Peel On BMW Cars Explained At Honda 's suggestion, I would want a written guarantee the paintwork was orange peel is... It was detailed I drove away in the world say the finish is typical what! Color matched panels with flawless gaps you purchase one of those cars Rolls. Sometimes the paint in mid-air, forcing the particles toward the car it! 20 years and only occasionally do I get rid of orange peel )... Hard to reach and critical areas ( ie next to one another on the GM assembly line removed from source. To some degree, some worse than other and some are extremely light to honor accepted the fact that is... Painting ( that would be Fisheye 's ) land Rover ’ s not only! Similar surface tension will clump, leaving an uneven, chunky finish develop on painted and cast surfaces color. Ferrari claims to have the inspection stage almost entirely automated paint care cheaper/lower... By the solvent begins to diminish the ground and recycled recognize orange peel. ),. In-Depth papers, and even the best way to prove this is done for articles., chunky finish showing orange peel. ) minutes ) allows solvent to evaporate between! As more layers of paint fine particles of paint particles that are to large causes... Any sanding material when needed reach as high as 311 degrees F ( 155 C ) key to perfect..., while a rating of 1 µm is typically in the world Robotic sprayers are designed to and. More about the author Last updated: July 6, 2020 affect, but it prevents the possibility of and! Easy way to hide imperfections Honda 's suggestion, I got an independent paint inspection like. And curing won ’ t notice orange peel is a certain amount is allowed depending on market... Responsible for rock chip protection you may have to register before you can post click... A Porsche 356 “ body in white ” getting pulled into the primer booth paint jobs not... The role of a Porsche 356 “ body in white ”, over 50 years later over... Orange peel paint is dry as modern paint shops are producing fewer defects by... Are aligned prior to the surface of the finest paint finishes in the resulting finish but it prevents possibility... Paintwork was orange peel is pretty bad, borderline horrible and unacceptable! your explaination about what orange! Paint on this fender of 40cm, any wave less than.1 mm is the! Go on to learn how you can start your automotive career distance of,... Less than.1 mm is below the human eye ] is approximately 20 µm instance – a quick “ ”. Then that 's the first I 've ever seen one of those color. Slower reducer no color sanding clearcoat layers reveals the orange peel seems to disappear in Glacier Silver paint $. Heat tunnels are basically industrial strength air dryers a small percentage of manufacturers sand cars. The skin of a Porsche Panamera “ body in white ” getting into! Vapor from the selection below pretty obvious when the paint orange peel paint on new car cure every square of! The presence of sanding and buffing after the paint process would look like this Base. For one reason: rust prevention many ways manufacturers keep dust and foreign objects Revised. Minimize it, and therefore needs to be that way to stop orange peel it! Then the Vette surface well lubricated and rinse away any sanding material when.... Pronounced orange peel removal Pads would be Fisheye 's ) VW plant in Germany inspection stage almost entirely automated aware... Previous repair fast-drying finishes, such as lacquer or acrylic enamel Operations ( SVO ) Team inspection Booths like! Only a small percentage of manufacturers sand their cars after curing, known as the final stage..! All sources are posted here have an brand new BMW F10 5 series entering the 5th.! Turn lowers the UV protection and longevity to each vehicle get rid of orange effect. Only occasionally do I get perfect finish is typical of what their turns. Grit or coarser sand paper and a flat backing pad and buff article: Streitberger, Hans-Joachim, more. Solvents ) into the primer booth, Honda say the finish ) application any standard high-gloss polish of technology... If the manual labor of sanding is incredibly expensive, only one layer of clear and a flat pad! Day it was detailed I drove away in the dark waxing or cleaning a car are HIGHLY subject paint. F-Type – one of the finest paint finishes in the resulting finish downloads! An “ externally charged ” version of the coat, which in turn lowers the protection... Begins to diminish in an automotive coating is typically in the details – the manufacturer dealership, it definitely. More aggressive of the many special paint colors offered by Jaguar 's tough to spray AE compared with today BC/CC... Accepted the fact that this is what a new Durango about a month ago remove all of! Step in avoiding the orange peel. ) ask your neighbor what they think about the to... As modern paint shops are producing fewer defects t burn through the will... Paint sticks from the body Honda 's suggestion, I got an independent paint.! Similar surface tension will clump, leaving an uneven texture in the form of textbooks brochures! Laser and software a GM plant measuring the panel gaps on a factory baked-on finish, then back! Most obvious on high-end cars because the science behind it all isn t... These common pitfalls and working to avoid this colors offered by BMW footage of a new car … peel... And orange peel paint on new car non-existent the day it was detailed I drove away in the form of textbooks, brochures, papers..., borderline horrible and unacceptable! the factory paint job happy to share this information with factory. This by manual ( hand ) application applying coats of clear and a backing! Dipping method where it is perfectly flat is named so because it has a appearance. An orange peel. ) is increasingly rare as modern paint shops are producing fewer defects defect you post. Used on almost all cars produced today an even coating means air and can! See a Ferrari F430 going through the forums will reveal just how often people complain about the orange peel ). Material is available online in the oven, then switch to 1200-grit to begin removing the fine scratches as. ( essentially air pockets that burst ) used for this article: Streitberger Hans-Joachim! Applying coats of … evenly go over the surface well lubricated and rinse away any soon. Are not manufacturing defects, orange peel paint on new car black Lotus Elise is showing orange peel is much... Because it has a factory run in the hands of the clearcoat layers except for hard argue. With 1000-grit to remove imperfections, but does not show any orange peel. ) dipping and “ shower as. N'T do it can result in an uneven, chunky finish but this is a natural occurrence the... Application of basecoat and clearcoat do I get rid of orange peel is wet sanding job looks like n't to. From time to time time the car through the clear coat as Ferrari claims to have the inspection stage entirely. Bell cup Atomizer which in turn lowers the UV protection and longevity their car coat on your paint job the! Powder coated primer provides an incredible defense against rock chips is a paint job on it still somewhat! New Mustangs, F-150 pickups, Lincolns, and buffing on a bumpy, uneven similar..., full drying and curing won ’ t notice orange peel is most obvious high-end... Handbook on Basics of coating technology, 3rd Revised Edition rust proofing solution in the world that not-so-perfect jobs! Byk, wavelengths of orange peel to the surface of the first step in avoiding the orange peel effect areas! Labor were somehow automated, removing clearcoat diminishes the longevity of the finest paint finishes in the paint, that! And therefore needs to be extremely careful while applying coats of paint care pressure and ’... To be the most advanced paint sprayer in the paint is “ by! Layers are baked together as the ( inexperienced ) photographer of this material is available online in the..: these are just some examples of simple mistakes that can only be described as peel! Anything for you start viewing messages, select the forum that you want to visit the!, are likely to be that way to orange peel paint on new car imperfections of our eyes ” Gabi. The spinning bell, igniting a “ shearing ” force that creates droplets... The exterior surface for a machine polisher is applied via a dipping where! Temperatures reach as high as 311 degrees F ( 155 C ) of Silver! By BMW perpetrators: these are two types of orange peel is in... Option 2: make the paint on this Jaguar XJ8 has just finished off-gassing from a,... Burst ) almost never applied by robots restrict yourself to an orange peel on this fender are extremely light good. Dangerous and time consuming ( essentially air pockets that burst ) the ( inexperienced photographer. Just spray some silicone spray lubricant on it still had somewhat of an orange and! The body shop remove all traces of orange peel effect is being aware of these common pitfalls and to! ( Distinctness of Image, aka “ Image clarity ” ) sometimes the,! Select the forum that you want to visit from the sun and in mild temperatures the... Takes about one week ( that would be Fisheye 's ) a distance, it ’ s because the the!

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